Both his parents were Polish by birth
and had obviously left Poland to come and live, initially,
in France but then, very shortly afterwards,
they moved to Saarbrucken in Germany,
just across the border.
And it was while he was at school there, aged 12,
that they had the Kristallnacht,
when the Germans came and smashed all the windows.
During that time, obviously, it must have been horrific
for any Jewish family living there.
After that, my father, with his youngest brother
and his parents, were sent back to Poland.
Their papers were not quite in order.
As a result of that, they were not allowed over the border
and the irony being, clearly,
if they had been allowed over the border,
I wouldn't be here this morning making this video for you.
So, fortunately, the Germans were very tight
on their protocol and hence, Dad was allowed to come over
on the Kindertransport and he ended up in Bradford
in Yorkshire in the north of England.